Hematuria Treatment in the Central Coast of California

A hematuria evaluation refers to the process of investigating the presence of blood in the urine, a condition known as hematuria. Hematuria can be either gross (visible to the naked eye) or microscopic (only detectable under a microscope). It requires thorough evaluation to determine its underlying cause, which can range from benign conditions to potentially serious medical conditions, including urinary tract infections, kidney stones, or even bladder cancer or kidney cancer.

If you’ve noticed blood in your urine in the central coast of California, the Board-Certified Urologists with Urology Associates of the Central Coast are here to help. Contact us today to schedule a bladder cancer consultation in San Luis Obispo, Templeton, Pismo Beach, Santa Maria, or Lompoc.

Hematuria Evaluation

The steps involved in a hematuria evaluation typically include:

Medical History

The healthcare provider will conduct a detailed medical history, including asking about the duration and frequency of hematuria, associated symptoms, previous episodes, relevant medical conditions, medications, and family history.

Physical Examination

A comprehensive physical examination will be performed to assess for any signs or symptoms that may suggest the underlying cause of hematuria.

Urine Tests


A urine sample will be collected and analyzed using urinalysis to determine the presence of blood, red blood cells, and other potential indicators of kidney or bladder abnormalities.

Urine Culture

If a urinary tract infection is suspected, a urine culture may be performed to identify the presence of bacteria and determine appropriate antibiotic treatment.

Imaging Studies


An ultrasound examination may be conducted to assess the kidneys, bladder, and other parts of the urinary tract for any structural abnormalities, stones, or tumors.

CT Scan

A computed tomography (CT) scan may be ordered to provide more detailed images of the urinary tract, including the kidneys, bladder, and ureters. This can help detect smaller stones, tumors, or other abnormalities that may not be easily visible on an ultrasound.


In some cases, a cystoscopy may be recommended. This procedure involves inserting a thin tube with a camera (cystoscope) into the urethra and bladder to directly visualize the interior of the urinary tract. It allows for the detection of bladder abnormalities, such as tumors, inflammation, or structural issues.

Additional Tests

Depending on the findings from the initial evaluation, further tests may be ordered to investigate specific conditions. These may include blood tests, such as kidney function tests or tumor markers, and more specialized imaging studies like magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or intravenous pyelogram (IVP).

The specific steps and diagnostic tests in a hematuria evaluation can vary depending on the individual case and the healthcare provider’s judgment. The goal is to identify the underlying cause of hematuria and determine the appropriate treatment or management plan. It is important to promptly undergo a hematuria evaluation to ensure timely diagnosis and intervention, especially when there is a concern for potential serious underlying conditions.

Schedule a Hematuria Consultation

When you schedule a consultation with the Urology Associates of the Central Coast, our board-certified urologists will be able to individually evaluate your case and provide comprehensive treatment options that are unique to you. Contact us today to schedule a consultation in San Luis Obispo, Templeton, Pismo Beach, Santa Maria, or Lompoc.